BIAFRA NATION IN HISTORY
Republic of Biafra Fight For Freedom
After suffering through years of suppression under Nigeria’s military government, the breakaway state of Biafra proclaims its independence from Nigeria.
In 1960, Nigeria gained independence from Britain. Six years later, the Fulani Muslim/Hausas in northern Nigeria began massacring the Christian Igbos in the region, prompting tens of thousands of Igbos to flee to the east, where their people were the dominant ethnic group. The Igbos doubted that Nigeria’s oppressive military government led by Gen. Yakubu Gowon would allow them to develop, or even survive, so on May 30, 1967, Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu and other non-Igbo representatives of the area established the Republic of Biafra, comprising several states of Nigeria.
After diplomatic efforts by Nigeria failed to reunite the country, the war between Nigeria and Biafra broke out in July 1967. Ojukwu’s forces made some initial advances, but Nigeria’s military-backed by British strength gradually reduced Biafran territory. The state lost its oil fields–its main source of revenue–and without the funds to import food, an estimated four million of its civilians died as a result of severe malnutrition as a result of Food and Medical blockade. On January 11, 1970, Nigerian forces captured the provincial capital of Owerri, one of the last Biafran strongholds, and Ojukwu was forced to flee to the Ivory Coast. Four days later, Biafra surrendered to Nigeria.
But until today the spirit and quest for Biafra Nation grow stronger and stronger year in and year out. with the emergence of another great man, Mazi Nnamdi Kanu, the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra.